CCOO Aragón has released this Tuesday, February 22, the report ‘Gender wage gap in Aragon 2022’. As specified by this union, the Annual Survey of Wage Structure, published by the INE, indicates that the wage gap in Spain was 24.22% and in Aragon 29.69% in 2019, the last year for which data is available.
In this way, Aragón is the second autonomous community where there are more salary differences by gender, only behind Asturias. The union has commented that the economic crisis of 2008 already showed the differences between gender and marked a wage gap of 36.03% in this territory.
In 2012, the greatest disparity occurred and the difference rose to 42.81%. “In 2019, with the gradual recovery of employment, the salary gap has been reduced by 13 points, being 29.69%, the lowest percentage in the series”, said the secretary of Social Policy and Equality of CCOO Aragón, Sonya Garcia.
One of the biggest determining factors in the salary differences between genders is the type of working day. In 2019, 75.6% of the people who had a part-time contract in Aragón were women.
This figure has not stopped increasing since the percentage has increased to 80.2% in 2020 and up to 81% in 2021, García has glossed. He added that the part-time job “is something temporary in men, especially in their first years of working life, while in the case of women it is a structural component”.
Most women have to accept a part-time job because they have not found a full-time job, which is the case in 49% of cases; for the care of sick children or adults, in 14%; or for other family or personal obligations, in 8%. Only 2% of men reduce their working day to part time to care for relatives, children or the sick.
Another factor that affects the salary gap is the duration of the contract, they have exposed from CCOO, since in permanent contracts it is 34.24%, while in temporary ones, 5.86%. The difference between a man with a stable contract and a woman is 7,410 euros and in the event that both have a temporary contract, the difference is 974 euros.
Likewise, women represent 47.5% of the salaried population in Aragon and are concentrated in the sectors of health activities and social services, education and domestic staff, all of them dedicated to care and attention.
In the services sector, women earn 5,126 euros less than men and the industrial sector is where the wage gap is greatest, reaching 32.67%, with a difference of 7,117 euros in favor of men.
CCOO has pointed out that, despite the great weight that industry has in Aragon, there is little presence of women in this sector and the salary gap in the industry is a consequence of salary supplements, which are mostly applied to men.
This also depends on the professional qualification. In occupations where fewer studies are required, the difference is estimated at 58.36%, 40.48% for occupations where an average qualification is required and 22.84% in professions in which higher qualifications are required. level of study. The largest is between management and managerial staff, with a difference of 12,113 euros.
The study also reflects that the salary level increases during working life, but this rise is greater in the case of men over 35 years of age. Many women reduce their hours to cope with unpaid care work for their families, especially as a result of their motherhood, but they do so throughout their working lives.
CCOO has proposed a series of measures to curb wage differences between the genders and has valued the approved labor reform as an element to provide employment stability.
“Work and service contracts, which mainly affect women, will disappear, and the stability of female employment will improve”, while the prevalence of sectoral contracts over company contracts “will improve the wages of subcontracted activities”, has commented Sonia Garcia.
The union has stressed that the framework of collective bargaining is “key” to include clauses that favor equality within Aragonese companies or reduce female contractual bias.
Likewise, he said, equality plans have proven their worth in detecting employment differences between genders, which is why the CCOO has highly valued the approval of royal decrees 901/2020 on equality plans and 902/2020 on equal pay between men and women, which will facilitate its implementation in companies in the Aragonese autonomous community.